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Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

People can have a UTI without symptoms. But in most cases, they will notice problems. The most common are:
  • Increased frequency of passing urine
  • Feeling of urgency to pass urine
  • Burning or pain while passing urine
  • Itching in the genital area
  • Passing only small amounts of urine at a time
  • Pain over the area of the bladder or in the lower back
  • Pain along the sides under the ribs
  • Blood in the urine—may be on the tissue after wiping after passing urine in women
  • Cloudy looking urine—may also have pus
  • Unpleasant smell to urine
  • Unable to hold the urine during the day or night
If the infection has gone up into the kidneys, you may have:
  • Fever or chills
  • Severe pain in the lower back
Children and babies may have less common problems such as:
  • Irritability
  • Feeding problems
  • Not being able to hold their urine
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slow weight loss and growth—failure to thrive
Older people may have more vague symptoms of a UTI such as fatigue, confusion, loss of appetite, or trouble walking.

References

Bacterial urinary tract infections (UTIs). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/urinary-tract-infections-utis/bacterial-urinary-tract-infections-utis. Updated June 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Symptoms & causes. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/bladder-infection-uti-in-adults/symptoms-causes. Updated March 2017. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) (pyelonephritis and cystitis). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116894/Uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infection-UTI-pyelonephritis-and-cystitis. Updated June 4, 2018. Accessed September 20, 2018.
Urinary tract infections in adults. Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: https://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/urinary-tract-infections-in-adults. Accessed September 20, 2018.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
  • Review Date: 09/2018
  • Update Date: 09/20/2018
Article written by Carmack A